Prof. Paulo Artaxo Netto
Professor of Physics, Institute of Physics, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Prof. Paulo Artaxo received his PhD in Environmental Physics at the University of São Paulo in 1985.
At his Pos Doc he worked at the University of Antwerp, University of Lund, Stockholm, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and at the University of Harvard.
In the early 1980s, Prof. Artaxo initiated the study of the relationship between the Amazonian ecosystem and climate, emphasizing the importance of biomass burning emissions as a source of climatically important aerosol particles. Since 1995, he is one of the leaders of the LBA (The Large-Scale Biosphere Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia) Experiment.
In the LBA experiment, he coordinated several large international experiments over the last 30 years, such as ABLE-2A and 2B, TRACE-A, SCAR-B, SMOCC, CLAIRE 98, CLAIRE2001, EUSTACH, AMAZE, GoAmazon, among others. He has a strong international role in fostering scientific growth in developing countries, being a member of the scientific steering committees of several IGBP (International Geosphere Biosphere Program) core projects such as IGAC (International Global Atmospheric Chemistry), iLEAPS (International Land Ecosystem-Atmosphere Process Study), BIBEX, DEBITS and was General Secretary of the CACGP (Commission of Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution).
He was director of the global change program of the Latin American CYTED institute (Programa Iberoamericano de Ciencia y Tecnología para el Desarrollo) from 2004 to 2007.
He was a lead author of the IPCC WG1 AR4 and AR5 teams. Paulo Artaxo have published more than 437 scientific papers, and presented more than 1020 scientific papers in international conferences. He is one of the most cited Brazilian scientists with more than 14,800 scientific citations, with an H-index from the ISI Web of Sciences of 68. He has more than 32,000 citations on the Google Scholar database, and an H index of 89. He received many international awards, among them Doctor of Philosophy Honoris Causa, by the University of Stockholm.
Climate Change is the biggest challenge we are facing now, and it is essential to build resilience, specially in developing countries, to mitigate emissions and adapt to our new climate. We will have to change the way we produce and use energy, and several economic sectors will have to be transformed such as transportation and energy production. More efficent systems will have to be built in the industry and a reduction in the comsuption of goods will be necessary. Also, more efficient and lower emission agricultural practices are essential to feed 7 to 10 billions people. We will discuss these topics and the governance issues in an interconnected world.